Search our Knowledge Base

What are considered Hazardous Materials?

(last updated on 10/28/2013)

Items that are considered Hazardous Materials by the carrier are not allowed to be shipped via Shipping. These materials require special paperwork that needs to be filled out and the item needs to be delivered directly to the carrier.

Ammunition classifies as "Limited Quantity" (Ltd. Qty). "Limited Quantity" is hazardous materials which have been granted certain exceptions to the hazardous materials packaging, labeling and shipping paperwork requirements by the Department of Transportation due to the nature of their consumer packaging and the size of inner containers. These shipments require the "Limited Quantity Diamond Label" on at least one side or end of the outer container. The total package maximum weight cannot exceed 66 pounds. "Limited Quantity" (Ltd. Qty) does not require hazardous materials shipping papers when transported via ground. Ammunition must ship ground and be labeled as "Limited Quantity" (Ltd. Qty) in accordance with the guideline of the carrier.

Carrier Information on Hazardous Materials:

The following information serves only as a guideline for shipping. Please refer to the carrier's tariff for specific guidelines and rules. Guidelines and definitions for Dangerous and Hazardous vary by carrier please check directly with the carrier for specific details.

Information on shipping Limited Quantity (Ltd. Qty)/ Ammunication is contained within the Hazardous Materials section of the FedEx Service Guide. These sections include Acceptable Materials, Packaging, and Marking and Labeling Guidelines.

New Diamond-Shaped Shipping Labels Replace “ORM-D”Labels for Ammo

Effective immediately, required as of Jan. 1, 2014:

The Dept. of Transportation (DOT) is phasing out the current ORM-D ammo labels, replacing them with a larger striped diamond label that does not mention “Small Arms Cartridges”.

You can start using the new “Limited Quantity” diamond labels for ammo shipments immediately. You can continue to use the old ORM-D “Cartridges, Small Arms” labels until December 31, 2013. As of January 1, 2014 you must use the Striped Diamonds.

The new label doesn’t have any indicator that the package contains ammunition. You are required to use one of the larger labels on one side of any package containing ammunition. If the package is too small for one of the larger labels then you are permitted to use one of the smaller labels instead.

Download PDF with Striped Diamond Ground Shipping Labels for Ammo

Elimination of ORM-D Classification:

In an attempt to harmonize and align with international standards, the DOT has amended the 49CFR regulations regarding the ORM-D classification. Effective January 19, 2011, with the publication of the HM-215K final rule, the hazard class of ORM-D is being eliminated. Those materials may still be shipped classified as a limited quantity (“Ltd Qty”). In conjunction with ORM-D hazard class elimination in HM-215K, limited quantity ground shipments will no longer require shipping papers when prepared under the new rule. This includes those materials previously classed as Ltd Qty that required shipping papers via ground transport.

There is a transition period for shippers to comply with the new classification, marking and labeling requirements. Until December 31, 2013 a limited quantity package containing a consumer commodity as defined in 171.8 may be reclassed as ORM-D, or until December 31, 2012 for ORM-D-Air material. UPS began accepting materials with the new markings effective April 1, 2011.

Note: To be in compliance with TDG, Standard (ground) Ltd Qty shipments to Canada prepared under HM-215K require the verbiage ‘Limited quantity’ or ‘Ltd qty’ to also be marked on the carton.

Examples of the new ground and air limited quantity markings below that will be replacing the ORM-D and ORM-D-Air markings:

Ground Ltd Qty Marking Air Ltd Qty Marking Illustrations are not to scale. The actual default Ltd Qty Diamond label to be used for ammunition shipments is a 100mm (4") square-on-point mark at a 45° angle. Packages not able to accommodate 100mm mark may use a 50mm (2") square-on-point label.